Talchir Palynoflora from Wardha Valley Coalfield, Central India: Climatic Implications

Home » Journal of Geosciences Research (JGSR) » JGSR Contents » JGSR 2017 Vol.2, No. 2 » Talchir Palynoflora from Wardha Valley Coalfield, Central India: Climatic Implications

Omprakash S. Sarate* and Srikanta Murthy

Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, 53, University Road, Lucknow-226 007, India

*E-mail: ossarate@yahoo.co.in


The sub-surface sediments encountered in Borehole AK-10 of Wardha valley coalfield, Maharashtra have been palynologically analysed with an object to date the sequence. These sediments are compared with similar deposits in other Gondwana basins of India and other countries like South Africa, Australia and Brazil to understand wide range palaeodepositional conditions. The palynoassemblage recovered has predominance of radial monosaccates, Parasaccites-Plicatipollenites along with Jayantisporites, Potonieisporites, Tuberisaccites, Sahnites and few algal elements (Botyococcus). This assemblage compares closely with palynofloral succession known from the Upper Talchir Formation, Early Permian (Sakamarian) of Satpura basin, Godavari valley coalfield, Mahanadi basin, Damodar valley, South Chattisgarh coalfield and Palar basin etc. It also bear resemblance with the palyno-assemblages recorded from Australia, Africa, South America and Brazil. The dominance of radial monosaccates in the assemblage indicates that cold and humid conditions supplemented by glacially influenced depositional environment prevailed. These conditions were conducive for the initiation as well as subsequent proliferation of Gymnosperms plant communities particularly of Corditalian, Lepidophytes, Glossopteridae and Calamariaceae plant groups with stagnant, lacustrine swampy conditions having occasional influx of marine incursions at the depositional site.

Keywords: Gondwana basin, Talchir palynomorphs, Wardha valley coalfield, Maharashtra

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